UPSC Preliminary Exam Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2018-19


UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus & Structure 2018-19 | IAS Exam Syllabus

 UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus: UPSC takes an exam every year to recruit officers in Civil services. To become IAS, IRS or foreign services, you have to qualify in this examination. This exam is divided into three stages, out of which, the preliminary exam is the first one. These exams are very hard, and you need to prepare for it rigorously. Only 1 percent of the people, who sit for the exam, qualify to become diplomats or Officers in Civil Service. But before you start preparing, you need to know about the syllabus of the UPSC prelims exam.

Structure of UPSC Prelims Exam 2018-19

There are mainly two papers that you need to attempt to go for the second stage. Paper 1 is of 200 marks and contains 100 questions. The second paper is also known as CSAT. CSAT stands for Civil Services Aptitude Test. It will also be of 200 marks and contain 80 questions.

Both the papers are compulsory, and you have to qualify in both the papers. Paper 1 is a ranking exam whereas you only have to get 33 percent in the second paper in order to qualify. In paper 1, you have to get more than the cut off marks in order to move on to the next stage. Both the exams are usually held on the same day, each exam for two hours. There will be a gap of around one hour between the two exams. You have to be careful before you answer any question as there is negative marking present for every wrong answer.

UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus 2018-19

Syllabus/Topics For UPSC Prelims Paper 1 – General Studies 1:

There are several topics about which you have to read about.

  • The National Movement of our Country and the Indian history is the first topic that you need to cover.
  • The next topic is about the Geography of India and the rest of the world.
  • The physical, as well as social and economic geography also need to be studied in detail for this paper.
  • Since you want to join the civil services, you plan on serving the citizens of India. Thus, the other topics include Indian Policy, Constitution, Political System, Panchayat System and Rights of the People.
  • You also need to study Sustainable Development and Poverty to know the people of this country.
  • Questions tend to come from general issues regarding Science, Technology, Environment, and Ecology.
  • Just mugging up the topics won’t help as you need to be in touch with the current affairs as well. Questions and analysis of current affairs dominate the question paper.

Syllabus/Topics For UPSC Prelims Paper 2 – CSAT:

Your comprehension, as well as logical and analytical skills will be tested in this paper. You need to brush up your communication skills if you want to qualify in this exam. In this paper, your general mental ability will be tested. Thus, you have to solve problems in making decisions and problem-solving.  If you were a Science student in classes 11 and 12, then you have a chance to score more in this exam as it tests your numerical skills and asks you to perform data interpretation.

Points To Keep In Mind Before You Sit For UPSC Prelims Exam

  • The questions will come as MCQs and are objective type of questions.
  • There is negative marking in UPSC Prelims as for every wrong answer, 0.83 will be deducted from your paper.
  • Blind candidates get extra 20 minutes to finish their paper.
  • You have to attend both the papers otherwise you won’t get qualified for the next round.
  • The marks you get in Prelims are not calculated in the final tally of the main exam.

Preliminary exams help to choose only a few candidates who are capable enough to sit for the mains exam.


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